Andrey Karpov collected many resources on static code analysis in one place. Surfing by the links you will learn what static code analysis is, what for it is used and what static analysis tools exist. You will read interesting articles and if you wish, you may join a group discussing the topic under consideration.
1. What is source code static analysis?
Wikipedia. Static program analysis.
Terminology on Viva64.com site. Static code analysis.
Hacker Report. Static Analysis Tools.
Wikipedia. List of tools for static code analysis.