Peter Tröger published a Technical Report discussing the trends and challenges of Multi-core Era including parallel hardware and parallel software. Here is the abstract of the report.
“Since the very beginning of hardware development, computer processors were invented with ever-increasing clock frequencies and sophisticated in-build optimization strategies. Due to physical limitations, this ‘free lunch’ of speedup has come to an end. The following article gives a summary and bibliography for recent trends and challenges in CMP architectures. It discusses how 40 years of parallel computing research need to be considered in the upcoming multi-core era. We argue that future research must be driven from two sides - a better expression of hardware structures, and a domain-specific understanding of software parallelism.”
More Multicore related papers are available here.